About Herniated Discs
A herniated disc is a condition that refers to a problem with one of the discs between the individual bones (known as the vertebrae) that stack up on top of each other to make your spine. Spongy discs called intervertebral discs are wedged in between the vertebrae that comprise the neck, thoracic region, and lower back. Most often, a herniated disc occurs when the gel-like substance in the middle of one of these spongy discs pushes through a tear in the tough exterior of the disc; this is called a herniated nucleus pulpous. This can cause patients a great deal of neck or back pain. Dr. Kendall Carll is a board-certified spine surgeon who has been practicing for more than 15 years in the Dallas, TX area. He diagnoses and treats herniated discs for patients of all lifestyles and offers both nonsurgical and surgical approaches for treatment.
"I recently experienced a pinched nerve that severely affected my ability to use my right hand. I contacted Dr. Carll who immediately went to work on my behalf. Knowing that this was a time sensitive situation Dr. Carll went out of his way to ensure that I received the appropriate MRIs, CAT scans, and nerve studies to properly diagnose my situation. After reviewing all the test Dr. Carll exhibited true professionalism and integrity by referring me out to Dr. Patty Young (I am so thankful for your referral) who specialized in the surgery that I would need. Dr. Carll could’ve chosen to operate because I had several degenerative disc, however he chose ethics over profit. Dr. Carll is a true professional that will put your health over profit! When it comes to your health there’s nothing more important than having a doctor that you can trust to be professional and ethical. Thank you Dr. Carll for providing me with both!"- K.H. / Google / Aug 29, 2018
"Dr.Carll is an amazing back surgeon. He performed a spinal fusion surgery on me and I am very pleased with the results. His staff is amazing, friendly and always helpful. The hospital where he performed the surgery was also amazing! The staff took great care of me and was friendly helpful and caring at all times. I would recommend Dr. Carll to any one of my loved one, friends, even strangers!!!! ALWAYS do your research before picking a back surgeon. Dr. Carll explained everything in a way I could understand & i can say with confidence that he truly cares about his patients!!!!"- Anonymous / Healthgrades / Feb 28, 2020
"My name is Mark Walter. Doctor Carll and his staff are simply the best when it comes to spine and back care, bar none ! Ive had a total of 6 spine surgeries to date. My first one was done by a different doctor and it failed. I found Dr Carll after exhaustive research and countless inital consultations with numerous other doctors and I'm so glad I found him. He has since then performed five additional spine surgeries on me. I was badly screwed up to say the least and he literally gave me my life back. I highly recommend him to everyone including my own family members, one of which he also done surgery on and like me she was totally thrilled with him and the results. His staff are hands down the best in the business and the only team that Ive NEVER had a single complaint or issue with !!! This man knows his stuff and sets the standard other doctors and surgeons only dream of achieving. No games and no lies. Just kindness, honesty, and most importantly, he treats people like his friends and neighbors and not an ATM machine like so many doctors do now days. Give his office a call. Its the best thing you will ever do for your spine & your own peace of mind."- F. / Google / Nov 07, 2019
"Dr Carll was a lifesaver for me! I fought the back pain from a pinched/herniated sciatic nerve for 7 months. I tried everything from PT, chiropractic, spinal decompression, antigravity table, ibuprofen and more ibuprofen and steroids. Eventually, the pain was so unbearable that I could not sit through a meal or even drive. I finally gave up avoiding surgery and went to Dr Carll. I had minimally invasive microdisctectomy and the results were excellent. A few months of rehab later and I’ve got my life back. I’m so glad I saw Dr. Carll! He was so caring and explained everything thoroughly, including what to expect after surgery. His staff was just as wonderful and caring. I’d go back to him in a heartbeat. I’m very grateful for his skilled hands. God bless them."- M.J. / Healthgrades / Oct 15, 2019
"Dr. Carll is THE BEST!!! I had to have an A-lift spinal fusion and never before have I seen such a caring doctor and staff. They held my hand through my fears were actually there for me and more throughout the process. I don't believe there is a more caring, more compassionate doctor than Dr. Carll. Thanks to him and his amazing abilities I can feel my right leg again and now live without pain. I will forever be grateful to this office and Dr. Carll for being there for me as a person and as a patient.-Nicole Baucum"- Anonymous / Healthgrades / May 17, 2019
Herniated (Bulging) Disc Causes
Spinal discs play a crucial role in your spine’s ability to twist and flex forward and backward. They are engineered to endure tremendous amounts of stress. The discs have soft centers that are encased within tougher, banded exteriors. When the gel-like substance in the middle of the disc pushes through a tear, it can compress the spinal cord or the nerves that branch off either side of the spinal cord, creating an inflammatory reaction that can sometimes cause pain, numbness, or weakness in an arm or leg. Disc herniation is most often caused by the gradual, age-related wear and tear called disc degeneration. As you age, your spinal discs lose some of their water content. The dehydration makes them less flexible and more prone to tearing or rupturing in response to compression.
Reduce your risk for recurrent herniated discs by:
- Maintaining a healthy weight
- Using back braces when engaged in heavy physical activity
- Exercising to strengthen your back and core muscles
- Maintaining good posture
Herniated (Bulging) Disc Symptoms
Most herniated discs occur in your lower back (lumbar spine), although they can also occur in your neck (cervical spine). The most common symptoms of a herniated disc are:
- Arm or leg pain
- Sharp, stabbing lower back pain or sharp, stabbing neck and shoulder pains
- Numbness, tingling or muscle weakness in your arms or legs
- Limited mobility
- A dull ache that can become progressively worse
Depending upon the location of the herniated disc, it may cause only intermittent pain, such as with sudden movement, or even a sneeze (if the disc is in your neck, for example).
In most cases, Dr. Carll will be able to determine if a herniated disc is the cause for your back pain simply through a physical exam. To confirm the diagnosis, he may also order x-rays, a CT scan, or an MRI. In rare cases, he might recommend a CT myelogram. For this procedure, the dye is injected into the spinal fluid, followed by a CT scan. This test can show pressure on your spinal cord or nerves due to multiple herniated discs or other conditions. To determine how significantly the herniated disc is impacting the local nerves, Dr. Carll may also order a series of nerve conduction studies (electromyograms), which measure how well electrical impulses are moving along nerve tissue. This can help pinpoint the location of the nerve damage.
Another way to diagnose a herniated disc is to perform a discogram. A discogram uses a special needle to inject dye the suspected area of injury. With a discogram, Dr. Carll can directly identify cracks in the disc in order to pinpoint the cause of the pain. He will then be able to create a customized treatment plan to correct the disc.
Herniated (Bulging) Disc Treatment Options
Any time you experience neck or back pain that travels down your arm or leg, or pain that is also accompanied by numbness, tingling or weakness, it’s time to see the doctor. The good news is that conservative treatments such as heat or ice therapy, bracing, and following a planned exercise and pain-medication regimen will generally relieve the pain from a herniated disc in a few days or weeks.
In some instances, muscle relaxers and epidural injections can be used to ease pain caused by localized muscle spasms and inflammation of the nerve branch. Physical therapy is often used to help patients understand how to adopt better body mechanics, which may help to limit further stress on the herniated disc. With these treatments, two to three days of rest is also recommended.
If the pain from the herniated disc persists unabated after a few weeks, surgery is perhaps necessary. The surgical options for herniated discs depend upon where the herniation is occurring. Dr. Carll can make small incisions in the neck for cervical herniations or in the back for lumbar herniations. In either case, the surgeon can remove the entire disc, or merely remove the herniated section. Dr. Carll could also remove a portion of the vertebra, typically the lamina, or the entire spinous process with the lamina. This procedure creates more room for the spinal cord and branching nerves, which may have been trapped or impinged previously by the herniated disc.
For all these surgical procedures, the physician will likely perform some type of spinal fusion to stabilize the spine, and prevent further vertebral movements that would generate pain.
Heal Your Herniated Disc
Dr. Carll treats numerous patients who suffer from herniated discs. If you are experiencing neck or back pain from a possible herniated disc, there’s no need to delay any longer. Dr. Carll can develop a direct plan of action that will address your disc pain. We invite you to call our office for more information.